Legal Issues

Web radio stations shut down to protest LOC/Copyright Office ruling

From the Radio and Internet Newsletter, more evidence of the widespread impact of the Digital Millennium Copyright Act:

Hundreds of Internet radio stations and channels across America are shutting off their music streams on Wednesday, May 1st, in a \"Day of Silence\" to highlight their concern over the upcoming U.S. Copyright Office ruling on royalty rates that may shut down or bankrupt the vast majority of the nascent Internet radio industry.

The Librarian of Congress is required to set \"sound recordings performance royalty\" rates for Internet radio stations by May 21st — and an arbitration panel (a \"CARP\") working for that office has recommended a rate of $.0014 per listener per song (or $.0007 for broadcast simulcasts). Many webcasters say the proposed royalty rate is the equivalent of 200% or more of their revenues . . .

More information here and here.


Court strikes down child porn ban

Salon is Reporting The US Supreme Court struck down a congressional ban on virtual child pornography, The court said language in a 1996 child pornography law was unconstitutionally vague and far-reaching. \"The First Amendment requires a more precise restriction,\" Kennedy wrote for himself and Justices John Paul Stevens, David H. Souter, Ruth Bader Ginsburg and Stephen G. Breyer. Justice Clarence Thomas wrote separately to agree with the outcome. O\'Connor, Rehnquist, and Scalia filed the dissenting opinions.

Still think CIPA stands a chance?


Ruling Expected Today in E-book Copyright Case

From NewsBytes...

\"U.S. District Judge Ronald M. Whyte is expected to rule today on motions to dismiss the government\'s case against a Russian software firm. Attorneys for Elcomsoft, a company charged with violating U.S. copyright laws by selling computer software capable of bypassing the security in Adobe\'s eBooks, are slated to appear before Whyte in a San Jose, Calif. court. They earlier argued that the government did not have jurisdiction to prosecute the firm, which published the eBook software product from Russia, and that the controversial copyright law used against Elcomsoft is unconstitutional.\" More


Bookstore Records Remain Private in Colorado

The San Francisco Gate reports

The Colorado Supreme Court ruled that the Constitution protects the privacy of both bookstore owners and their customers when it refused yesterday to force a Denver retailer to turn sales records over to police.

The decision was based on Colorado\'s constitution, this is not binding for any other state. This issue is bound to come up in other states, though, becasue subpoeneas for reading records are on the rise.Read the full story.The LA Times coverageAnd finally the story from the Boston Globe


Proposed copyright law raises controversy

SF Gate has a Look At The Consumer Broadband and Digital Television Promotion Act of 2002, introduced by Sen. Ernest Hollings, D-S.C. This law would give the entertainment idustry the ability to legislate technological standards that would halt the spread of unauthorized copying of digital video and audio.

\"This pending legislative mandate is one of the most serious threats the high-tech industry has ever had to deal with,\" said Donald Whiteside, Intel\'s vice president of legal and government affairs. \"We want government support of solutions we think are workable, not for government constructing a guillotine over our heads.\"

Politechbot Has Some More Info.


Ottawa Citizen article: The Anti-Copyright Crusade

Russell McOrmond writes \"The Anti-Copyright Crusader
In these digital days, Russell McORMOND argues for consumers\' right to copy

Full Story
It\'s no wonder that when McOrmond purchased a DVD for his anti-DMCA
exercise, it was a copy of the movie Anti-Trust. He laughs at the irony
of his choice. \"The premise of the movie is that you\'ve got these
open-source developers who are writing all this cool software,\" he says.
However, the DVD was encrypted to thwart like-minded techies in the real
world. \"Even though the movie is talking about this great thing called
open source, it\'s actually illegal to watch the movie on an open-source
player,\" McOrmond says.

Please add comments to: \"


Human Rights Research

LLRX writes \"Update to Annex: Human Rights, Country and Legal Information Resources on the Internet
Elisa Mason\'s timely updated guide reflects the addition of numerous web resources in the areas of national laws and policies, case law, guidelines, recommendations and resolutions, human rights reports, individual country reports, and news services. \"


Most Far-Reaching Gag Order In 1st Amend. History?

Somone passed along

This Story that says John Ashcroft\'s war on terrorism includes the most far-reaching gag order in First Amendment history -- preventing the press from reporting on the FBI\'s seizure of the lists of books bought or borrowed in bookstores and libraries by noncitizens and citizens suspected of terrorist activities.
And This one that says a little known provision of the new anti-terrorism law may make it easier for FBI agents to walk into public libraries and search records and computers for signs of subversive activity.


Internet Radio Faces Increased Royalty Fees

You certainly have heard of the Digital Millenium Copyright Act (DMCA) but have you hear of CARP? The Copyright Arbitration Royalty Panel is appointed by the US Copyright Office and reports to the Libraian of Congress. According to

...under the DMCA, radio stations must pay a fraction of a cent per song, per listener, for every song they stream. Under the CARP ruling, Internet-only radio stations would pay a royalty fee of 14/100 of a cent per song, per listener, retroactively through October 1998. Webcasters are up in arms -- while they are not opposed to the principle of royalty fees, they say the rate structure is far out of balance to the economics of these tiny, often one-person operations.

Fees could jump from about $1000 to $350,000 says Rusty Hodge of Internet radio station SomaFM. He and other Internet radio folks have formed a group called Save Internet Radio. The group is refuting the assertion that, although digital, the information broadcasted in Internet radio is a \"perfect copy,\" (due to degredation in compression which is a key bit of language in the DMCA.The full story at Salon.comAnd \"Plan to Alter Internet Radio\" from The Mercury News.


Children\'s Internet Protection Act Day In Court

Many stories on Children\'s Internet Protection Act [PDF] big day. Reutors, CBS, EFF, NYPost, and the ALA all say the Children\'s Internet Protection Act goes to trial today in Philadelphia. Christy adds This One, Ender passed along This One and Bob Cox adds Fox News as well.

``This law is certainly unconstitutional,\'\' said Larry Ottinger, attorney for People for the American Way. ``For many people, the library is the only place they get Internet access. If you don\'t provide it there, they don\'t get anything.\'\'

Christy also adds: \"In addition to all the news stories and features addressing Internet filters, Nancy Willard\'s latest study showing the startling relationship of Internet filter companies and the religious right is a must-read. \"Internet Filters: The Religious Connection\".



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