Intellectual Property

Intellectual Property

Universal Music Group to Release Restricted CDs

Are we living in the end days of \"free\" music? Are we living in the end days of free use? By Spring of 2002, UMG will be the first record label to release restrited CDs as standard policy. These disc often have trouble playing in some older CD players, as well as in computers and automobiles. Read the full story on Stereophile.com

Music Industry Out of Sync with Consumers

Who hasn\'t made a copy of his or her favorite recordings to take keep in the car or take to work? It\'s been an acceptable practice since consumer recording devices came into existence. The music industry wants to change all that. In the aftermath of Napster, and as part of the recording industry\'s incessant greed, they want to take their copyright battle to new levels, going from virtual downloads into bricks and mortar stores. As with major software companies, the music industry wants to force consumers to buy more than one copy of a single recording. Not do they want it to be illegal, they want it to also be technologically impossible for the average consumer to record copies of their own purchased music for their own personal use in their own alternate devices. More

Rights v. Rights - when copying is not copying

Rights v. Rights may be slightly dated, but it\'s still worth a read. From the 64th IFLA General Conference, in 1998, \"This paper highlights the copyright barriers that can arise for visually impaired readers in the context of the \"Information Society\". It starts by enunciating certain basic rights which set the backcloth for the ensuing discussion. The historical setting of the pre-electronic era is briefly described. Recent ground-breaking legislation is then summarised. The author then details some of the new copyright issues posed as a result of the opportunities opened up by information technology. Finally, the paper reviews some of the ways in which legislators have begun to address these new questions.

Authorities Drop Charges Against Sklyarov in Exchange for Testimony

Many librarians and opponents of the Digital Millennium Copyright Act (DMCA) are rejoicing at the news that charges have been dropped against Russian hacker Dmitry Sklyarov for violation of copyright laws. If convicted, he could have spent 5 years in prison and been fined $500,000.More from Wired News.

Copyright Law Foes Lose Big

Wired has a good Wrap Up on some bad luck the good guys had in US courts last week.

Wednesday a pair of federal courts siding with the music and record industry, the Electronic Frontier Foundation lost two of its most important intellectual property cases so far.

Many had pinned their hopes on these lawsuits as a way to eviscerate the Digital Millennium Copyright Act.

Historians Ready for Fight Over Release of Presidential Papers

Some historians fear that President Bush\'s recent act which limits access to the papers of former presidents is going to hinder historical research. A group of history professors are considering filing a lawsuit against the government in order to challenge the act. More

Why Copyright Laws Hurt Culture

Wired has a Story by Karlin Lillington on American copyright laws, and how crazy they have gotten.

The laws are causing the death of culture and the loss of the world\'s intellectual history. Lawrence Lessig says copyright has grown from providing 14 years of protection a century ago to 70 years beyond the creator\'s death, and has become a tool of large corporations eager to indefinitely prolong their control of a market.

The web isn\'t going to kill libraries, the laws are.

Who Owns Academic Work

The Chronicl has an Interview with Corynne McSherry on her new book, \"Who Owns Academic Work: Battling for Control of Intellectual Property\".

She says profs who are fighting to claim copyright for their lectures and other course materials may be helping to promote a notion that courses are commodities and that professors are just like workers in other sectors.

Road Rage on the Information Superhighway

Aaron Tunn sent along
This Transcript of an excellent interview with from Radio National down in Australia.

I\'m not even sure how to summarize this one. It\'s about copyright, control of information, the information services industry, the publishing industry, libraries, and who owns what.

It really is worth a read.

\"So in that process there are a whole series of players, and how this will all shake out ultimately electronically, is going to be one of the fascinating questions. Either it will increase to a few very small, dominant, very great profit-making multinationals, or there\'ll be a deconstruction of the vast majority of the literature back to the authors for self-archiving and distributing in the old electronic college way.\"

Creativity v. Intellectual Property

In a bid to lampoon the current state of copyright law, two Australian composers have secured the rights to 100,000,000,000 telephone tone sequences:

With the aid of a computer, [Nigel] Helyer and [Jon] Drummond have notated the tones of every imaginable phone number combination and, in turn, claimed the melodies as their own. Next time you make a phone call, therefore, chances are you\'ll be in breach of international copyright law.

If business can claim ownership over the elemental building blocks of human life, the composers say it\'s only fitting that artists lay claim to the \"DNA\" of business and are paid for it.

\"We\'re saying to (big business), \'Okay guys, the boot is on the other foot. If you really believe in copyright, you\'ve got to pay\',\" Helyer says.

More from The Age. More information (e.g. whether they own YOUR number) can be found at the project\'s website.

Intellectual Property v. Creativity

Siva Vaidhyanathan, author of Copyrights and Copywrongs: The Rise of Intellectual Property and How It Threatens Creativity holds forth on just that in today\'s
Wired News:

\"It\'s hard to ask people to pay attention to the state of music in America right now,\" Vaidhyanathan said. \"However, the larger issue is about the richness of our democratic culture.\"

As more and more \"speech\" goes digital and as those digits get locked down with increasingly stronger clickwrap -- copyright and copy protection measures -- speech faces the very impediments the Constitution\'s framers took pains to avoid, Vaidhyanathan says.

\"It\'s very clear that reckless copyright enforcement can chill speech,\" he said. \"The message of my book is that we\'ve gone too far. There are ways in which the copyright system becomes an engine for democratic culture. But once you increase the protection to an absurd level, you end up having a negative effect on this process.\"

More. Sample chapters from Vaidhyanathan\'s new book are available at his homepage.

NY Times blacklists Tasini supporters

Fiona writes \"Village Voice reports that writers who were plaintiffs in the New York Times vs Tasini case have been blacklisted by the Times. The names of 13 writers are on the list. Nice to see that the paper has resolved this issue constructively!

More Here \"

Post-Boycott Scientific Publishing: The First Wave

Here\'s a press release from BioMed Central with information on the first free, peer-review scientific journals to emerge in the wake of the Public Library of Science boycott:

Today BioMed Central announces the first group of research journals to be launched in a new publishing initiative. This initiative is designed to allow groups of researchers to publish online journals representing their community and to offer free access to the research articles within these new journals. The journals will use BioMed Central\'s established publishing infrastructure, comprising an online submission system, electronic tools for peer-review, and the ability to publish accepted articles in both PDF and HTML formats. The peer-reviewed research articles in these journals will be indexed in the National Library of Medicine\'s bibliographic database, PubMed (widely used by researchers, clinicians and the general public) and deposited without delay in PubMed Central, the electronic repository of complete publications. . .

More. Thanks to the Scholarly Electronic Publishing Weblog.

A New Model for Scientific Publishing?

The Public Library of Science will soon launch several free online journals. These titles are intended to showcase the work of scientists participating in a boycott of publishers that do not place articles in the public domain within six months of publication:

Thousands of scientists around the world will soon be boycotting academic journals that refuse to make their contents freely available on the web soon after publication. The boycott could mean scientists refusing to submit papers to journals and refusing to review the work of their peers for any journal that does not deposit research papers into an online public library of science.

The group behind the online library is planning its own online journals to give scientists who join the boycott a forum for their work. . .

More from BBC News.

The Purpose of Copyright

Jim writes \"I found this one on here you don\'t seem to have it yet. The author, Lydia Pallas Loren, says relatively few people, including lawyers, have sufficient knowledge or understanding of what copyright is and tries to explain it. \"
She goes on to say \"These misconceptions are causing a dangerous shift in copyright protection, a shift that threatens the advancement of knowledge and learning in this country.\", she does a great job explaining copyright law and The Digital Millennium Copyright Act.


L. M. Wadin passed along This Sad Story from over at Salon. If you need yet another reason to hate the DMCA read it.

MP3.com Being Sued for Bootlegging Practices of Napster, et.al.

MP3.com may not be directly responsible for the violations committed by Napster and other file swapping organizations, but they\'re being held responsible for it anyway. The claim: It was they who started the trend and gave the world the tools to commit copyright infringement. Guilty by association? more... from The Houston Chronicle. Nashville is also suing MP3 for $25 million. more... from The Tennessean.

Technology Puts a Lock on CDs

For BBC News, David Schepp writes...

\"Sharing music recorded on compact discs among friends over the internet has proven itself to be as American as apple pie and baseball. But music-swapping is a pastime that may be soon halted if recording companies have their way. Some major record labels have have signed on with encryption firms that have developed technologies to halt the
so-called pirating of copyrighted music. For the encryption companies it may mean millions of dollars in profits as record label after record label signs on to take advantage of the new, seemingly perfected technology. For the record companies, however, it could be a public relations disaster.\" more...

Library Enforcers Defending Copyright in Jordan

According to this story in the Jordan Times, Mamoun Talhouni, the new director of the National Library in Jordan, will send a team of library personnel out to inspect stores selling music, computer software, and other items. Any items found without valid licenses will be confiscated and the store owners\' case referred to prosecutors.

Are Libraries the Next Napster?

Junk e-mail goddess strikes again. See what you miss when you\'re on vacation? It took me like 2 days to find the link to this from an e-mail message. God knows I\'d hate to be accused of lifting something verbatim. Anyway, every now and again, library stuff makes it into major news publications. Anyone seen Time lately? Someone is suggesting that we may be the next Napster. How so? Weren\'t we here first? Like over a hundred years first? more... if you really want it.

Dmitry Sklyarov: Friend of Publishers?

Open Source Definition author Bruce Perens argues that Dmitry Sklyarov has done publishers a favor by exposing the glaring flaws in the encryption software they trust to protect their content:

E-book publishers might think of jailed Russian cryptanalyst Dimitry Sklyarov as their worst enemy... until they see his slide show. While publishers fret over the potential of illegal copies of their books, Sklyarov\'s presentation reveals that they could be ripped off in an unexpected way: by producers of astonishingly inept cryptography software. Sklyarov is in jail for revealing that secret. [More from ZDNet.]

Thanks to Robot Wisdom.

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