Legal Issues

Internet Radio Faces Increased Royalty Fees

You certainly have heard of the Digital Millenium Copyright Act (DMCA) but have you hear of CARP? The Copyright Arbitration Royalty Panel is appointed by the US Copyright Office and reports to the Libraian of Congress. According to

...under the DMCA, radio stations must pay a fraction of a cent per song, per listener, for every song they stream. Under the CARP ruling, Internet-only radio stations would pay a royalty fee of 14/100 of a cent per song, per listener, retroactively through October 1998. Webcasters are up in arms -- while they are not opposed to the principle of royalty fees, they say the rate structure is far out of balance to the economics of these tiny, often one-person operations.

Fees could jump from about $1000 to $350,000 says Rusty Hodge of Internet radio station SomaFM. He and other Internet radio folks have formed a group called Save Internet Radio. The group is refuting the assertion that, although digital, the information broadcasted in Internet radio is a \"perfect copy,\" (due to degredation in compression which is a key bit of language in the DMCA.The full story at Salon.comAnd \"Plan to Alter Internet Radio\" from The Mercury News.


Children\'s Internet Protection Act Day In Court

Many stories on Children\'s Internet Protection Act [PDF] big day. Reutors, CBS, EFF, NYPost, and the ALA all say the Children\'s Internet Protection Act goes to trial today in Philadelphia. Christy adds This One, Ender passed along This One and Bob Cox adds Fox News as well.

``This law is certainly unconstitutional,\'\' said Larry Ottinger, attorney for People for the American Way. ``For many people, the library is the only place they get Internet access. If you don\'t provide it there, they don\'t get anything.\'\'

Christy also adds: \"In addition to all the news stories and features addressing Internet filters, Nancy Willard\'s latest study showing the startling relationship of Internet filter companies and the religious right is a must-read. \"Internet Filters: The Religious Connection\".


Consumer Broadband and Digital Television Promotion Act is Introduced in Senate

Senate Commerce Committee Chairman Ernest \"Fritz\" Hollings (D) of South Carolina introduced to the Senate today the Consumer Broadband and Digital Television Promotion Act, which would give the content, electronics and high-tech sectors one year to devise standards that could be used in all digital media devices to prevent unauthorized copying of music or movies.

The Washington Post reports that if they fail to respond, the FCC will choose a standard after consulting with industry groups. The Full Story.


Publishers wary of NZ library move

An interesting new Bill down in New Zealand called The National Library Bill introduced by Broadcasting Minister Marian Hobbs would extend the scope of the Legal Deposit system to include \"any publicly available document used to store or convey information, whatever the medium\".

A NZHeraldStory or Government Site has more info.


The Standard Book Contract

Medichannel has an Interesting Story that says publishing is all about squeezing every last dollar out of every available source—and the most vulnerable source is the author.

They say the average author isn\'t fairly by the media conglomerates that dominate publishing today and the clauses that have been imposed on authors throughout the industry bear no relationship to any economic reality other than the best interests of the publisher.


Military Tribunals Intro

LLRX writes \"United States Military Commissions: A Quick Guide to Available Resources
Stephen Young provides an historical introduction to military commissions, and addresses their statutory authority, judicial consideration and executive authority. He also covers relevant secondary texts, web resources and journal articles. Published March 1, 2002 at \"


US PATRIOT act, library privacy

Someone writes \"This Salon Story requires a password for the whole story, but even the section that doesn\'t require a password is worth a read. scary stuff. \"

There\'s also stories at Evolt and a story by Karen G. Schneider at ALAOnline as well.


Explaining why Daddy\'s CD won\'t play on the computer

Liz writes \"Appeared last week -- refers to up-and-coming legal challenges for CDROM copy protections, and has a good little list of links for background. Also refers to trying to explain sharing to his three-year-old son, and how it gets pretty hard when to try and talk about CDs and other content.

Copyright: Who Should Benefit?\"

by Adam Engst in this week\'s issue of TidBITS\"


The Continuing Saga of the SSSCA

A hearing on the future of the Security Systems Standards and Certification Act is being held as I type this:

A Senate committee is stepping into the middle of an increasingly vocal spat over the future of technology: how to prevent illicit copying of digital content.

On Thursday morning, Senate Commerce chairman Fritz Hollings (D-South Carolina) will convene a hearing on digital copy protection, which he believes should be embedded in nearly all PCs and consumer electronic devices . . .

The SSSCA and existing law work hand-in-hand to steer the market toward adopting only computer systems where copy protection is enabled. First, the 1998 Digital Millennium Copyright Act (DMCA) created the legal framework that punished people who bypassed copy protection -- and now, the SSSCA would compel Americans to buy only systems with copy protection on by default . . .

More from Wired, with thanks to Library Juice and Politech.


Libraries Crack Down On Rude Behavior

Here\'s A Very Short Story on a new county law banning people from library facilities for up to 90 days for rude behavior. Clackamas County, OR, librarians say they\'re seeing an increase in troublemakers, and they want to do something about it.
No details on the law, but they do mention that libraries often double as babysitting services for parents who drop their children off for extended periods of time.



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