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lexicography

Perhaps the simplest explanation of lexicography is that it is a scholarly discipline that involves compiling, writing, or editing dictionaries. Lexicography is widely considered an independent scholarly discipline, though it is a subfield within linguistics.

Many consider lexicography to be divided into two related areas. The act of writing, or editing dictionaries is known as Practical Lexicography. The analysis or description of the vocabulary of a particular language, and the meaning that links certain words to others in a dictionary, is known as Theoretical Lexicography. Theoretical Lexicography is particularly concerned with developing theories regarding the structural and semantic relationships among words in the dictionary. Since it involves theoretical analysis of the lexicon, Theoretical Lexicography is also known as Metalexicography.

In order to better understand lexicography, it may help to know what a lexicon is. Lexicon is a term used in linguistics to indicate the archive of lexemes. Lexemes are abstract, minimal units in a language that link related forms of a word together. For example, the words fly, flight, flew, flying, and so on, are all morphologic variations of the lexeme fly. Fly is the lexeme because it is the base from which these word variations arise.

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Kagan info from the Law Library of Congress

To serve congressional and public requests for resources pertaining to this historic nomination, the Law Library of Congress has developed a web presentation on Kagan on its Supreme Court Nominations site http://www.loc.gov/law/find/kagan.php. Visit their bibliography to find out more about the new Supreme Court nominee.

They have PDFs of the articles I listed yesterday. I would have posted the PDFs but was worried about copyright issues. I assume the Law Library of Congress cleared the rights so that they could post the PDFs of the full text.

Significant Damage from Underground LX Explosion at the Morristown & Township Library

New Jersey.com reports on the underground blast at the library that buckled concrete, shattered windows and blew out doors last evening.

The library was quickly evacuated by staff and no one was injured.
Jersey Central Power & Light has acknowledged a malfunction called a "cable fault" occurred beneath a manhole on Miller Road, near the library's 1917 wing that sustained heavy damage. But spokesman Ron Morano said this damage "was not consistent with what one sees in a cable fault."

He declined to elaborate. But he said the utility plans to tap outside experts for help with its investigation, which so far has been slowed because crews have not been allowed inside the library.

Susan Gulick, director of The Morristown and Morris Township Library, describes the severe damage to the library wing that dates back to 1917 which was caused by yesterday's underground electrical explosion. She said the basement and ground floor sustained significant structural damage; the front doors were blown off and walls and floors buckled. The brunt of Monday's blast hit the "Friends Room," beneath the 1917 wing of the library. It's where volunteers from the Friends of the Library store old books for sale. Additional updates on the blast here.

Here Comes the Zettabyte Age

The Wired Gadget Lab blog introduces us to the not too distant future when information measured in petabytes will be insufficient.

"According to a recent study by market-research company IDC, and sponsored by storage company EMC, the size of the information universe is currently 800,000 petabytes. Each petabyte is a million gigabytes, or the equivalent of 1,000 one-terabyte hard drives...but it’s just a down payment on next year’s total"

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Raphael New ALA President-Elect

LJ reports: The latest American Library Association (ALA) election, a low-turnout affair, turned out Molly Raphael to be not so close at all, with public librarian Molly Raphael besting school library media specialist Sara Kelly Johns by 5,857 to 4,399 votes, according to ALA.

Of 55,330 eligible voters, 11,069 (20.01%) voted, compared to 23.41% last year.

Raphael, former director of the Multnomah County Library, Portland, OR, and the District of Columbia Public Library, will become president-elect in June 2010, and will serve a year as president in June 2011, following the ALA Annual Conference in New Orleans. Johns, a stalwart among school libraries, serves grades 6-12 at Lake Placid Middle/High School, NY.

Question for ALA members: Why does such a significant majority of members abstain from voting??

The Perils of Automatic Copyright Protection

A cautionary tale about copyright, and the automated systems that enforce it.

If you post a video on YouTube, using one of their very own video creation tools, don't you expect it to go up and be viewable without any problems? Because of YouTube's Content ID system, it might not be so easy ...

Read the full story here.

Free OverDrive Audiobook App Enables Wireless Downloads from Libraries

On April 21, Overdrive announced a free audiobook app for iPhone, iPad, and iPod Touch, available now in the Apple App Store.

From the announcement: "With OverDrive® Media ConsoleTM for iPhone, users can now wirelessly download MP3 audiobooks from OverDrive-powered library and retail websites to their Apple® device. Audiobooks for over-the-air download are available from more than 10,000 libraries worldwide."

Has anyone out there tried this? I don't have the requisite device so I can't give it a test-run. This strikes me as huge news. If anyone reading this tries the app out, please post results in the comments.

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The image Microsoft doesn't want you to see

The image Microsoft doesn't want you to see: Too tired to stay awake, the Chinese workers earning just 34p an hour

Read more: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-1266643/Microsofts-Chinese-workforce-tired-stay-awak...

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Pulitzers Are Announced

The Washington Post won four Pulitzer Prizes on Monday for its work in 2009, and The New York Times won three, while ProPublica became the first of the new breed of online, nonprofit news organizations to win the most prestigious award in print journalism.

The prize for public service went to the tiny Bristol Herald Courier of southwestern Virginia, circulation 29,000, for revealing that many energy companies failed to pay required royalties on natural gas drilling, and that the royalties that were paid were not reaching the local people who deserved them.

Paul Harding won the fiction prize for his novel “Tinkers,” while the drama award went to the musical “Next to Normal,” with music by Tom Kitt and book and lyrics by Brian Yorkey.

More from NY Times.

SaveLibraries.org, Two Weeks Old and Going Strong

Want to keep up on what's happening with efforts around the country to help save libraries? There's a great new site for that, appropriately named Save Libraries. Their motto is "When one library is in trouble, ALL libraries are in trouble." This project is being run by Lori Reed and Heather Braum. They can’t do this alone and are looking for additional help creating and maintaining the content on this site.

Save Libraries is a grassroots effort to compile information about libraries in need of our support. Save Libraries will aggregate information about current advocacy efforts, archive advocacy efforts, and provide links to resources for libraries facing cuts. The project began barely two weeks ago, and is already attracting attention.

Please email us at savelibs (at) gmail (dot) com for questions, comments, or concerns. Please tag your Web content with savelibraries to make it easier for us to find and collect it.

Kudos to none other than our own Blake Carver and LISHost.org for donating hosting for this site and getting WordPress up and running within minutes. This site is dedicated to advocacy for libraries–getting the message out about why libraries are important.

We’re looking for advocacy information, testimonials from patrons and staff, photos, videos, anything to help save our libraries. Please pitch in!! Use the tag savelibraries or #savelibraries on Twitter. If you would like to contribute to this site please email [email protected].

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