Theory

The Network Society: A Shift in Cognitive Ecologies?

Here\'s the official abstract from this interesting article in the new First Monday:


By examining the psychodynamic effects on human cognition of the adoption of the technology of writing we
can logically assess and contextualize the potential effect of the massification of networked information
systems on our day-to-day thought processes. The identification of congruent, parallel and differential
affect between writing and network technologies demands that their development be considered above and
beyond the dictates and imperatives of consumer capitalism, it demands that the Internet be thought of in
terms of public infrastructure rather than saleable capital.


The article is
The Network Society: A Shift in Cognitive Ecologies? by Mathew Wall-Smith

Topic: 

Keepers of the Flame in a Brave New World

Keepers of the Flame in a Brave New World is James A. Gollata\'s Keynote Address for the Wisconsin Association of Academic Librarians Annual Conference. Presented at opening luncheon on Wednesday, 17 April 2002.


He makes 9 very interesting predictions, and finished with this:

\"We have all joined the new priesthood of technicians, it seems. We needn\'t be the inventors or the hardware or software specialists, but we certainly can learn to work as best we can with developments as they occur. We can embrace, rather than reject. And we can continue to embrace, as well, the history of the word, and specifically the printed word. It will endure. And WE will endure, in whatever medium. And while preserving the past, we can be creative within this brave new world, and we can continue, ALWAYS -- in whatever manner necessary -- to keep the flame.\"

Topic: 

Defining Information Literacy

Information Highways has an Intersting Piece by Susanne Hasulo who says most people tend to equate information literacy with the mastery of various technologies to access and retrieve information, with less thought to how to evaluate and apply that information. She asks can knowledge workers agree on what information literacy really means, and more importantly, can these crucial skills be learned?

\"We\'re in an era where every client that phones me says \'How can I take more costs out of my business?\' Stop treating everything you do heroically and start treating your process and your [employees\'] knowledge as an asset available for use. Because the more we look at it, the more we realize that the real savings comes from exactly that, from turning data into knowledge.\"

Topic: 

Evidence Based Library Service

Steve Fesenmaier writes \" The following is part of a document I am creating on how to do the annual statistical survey for the State of West Virginia Public Library System -


Evidence Based Library Services by Steve Fesenmaier
During the last twenty years the term \"Information Age\" has become commonplace. Librarians have moved from the periphery to the center of our post-modern age. Whereas we once worked in a world of information scarcity, contemporary citizens work with a constant feeling of \"information anxiety.\" I believe that this requires a new attitude toward public libraries. We must ask ourselves if public libraries need to do the same things that they have been doing for almost a century in West Virginia.

Topic: 

The theory behind the Free Library

The theory behind the Free Library is that, certainly in the long run, it benefits an author to have a certain number of free or cheap titles of theirs readily available to the public. By far the main enemy any author faces, except a handful of ones who are famous to the public at large, is simply obscurity. Even well-known SF authors are only read by a small percentage of the potential SF audience. Most readers, even ones who have heard of the author, simply pass them up.
Baen Free Library is an area that Baen Books is now making available — for free — a number of its titles in electronic format.
The theory is a very interesting read.

Topic: 

Data Gaps

The Data Gaps Project is a collaborative effort to address unasked and unanswered questions related to transportation. The project, which is being administered by the Bureau of Transportation Statistics (BTS), is now in the initial information-gathering phase of identifying critical data gaps and important questions. To view the current list of data gaps, search the database.
What are Data Gaps? planners, policy makers, managers, researchers and other transportation data users don\'t always have the information they need to make the best informed decisions---there are gaps in the data.


While the subject matter of this project isn\'t library related, I think the theory behind this project could easily be applied to Library Science.

Topic: 

Creating a framework of guidance for building good digital collections

From the new issue of First Monday, with thanks to Library Juice:

As technologies to digitize primary source content mature and become better understood, more widely accessible, and more efficient, the volume of available digital content increases and issues of integration and aggregation become more important. Today\'s digitization project managers must give high priority to factors such as reusability, persistence, interoperability, verification, and documentation when planning their projects. Digitization project funding agencies, like the Institute of Museum and Library Services (IMLS) and the National Science Foundation (NSF), must give substantial weight to these same factors when assessing programs and evaluating project proposals. A Digital Library Forum convened by the IMLS and working in collaboration with participants from the NSF\'s National Science, Mathematics, Engineering, and Technology Education Digital Library program has released a Framework of Guidance for Building Good Digital Collections to serve as a resource for practitioners and funding agencies . . .

More.

Topic: 

The Future of Publishing?

Wired has an interesting Bet Running between Jason Epstein and Vint Cerf, here\'s the bet:

By 2010, more than 50 percent of books sold worldwide will be printed on demand at the point of sale in the form of library-quality paperbacks.
The Stake: $1,000
Jason says yes, and vint says no.

\"Nothing is as inexpensive, easy to carry around, and indestructible as a physical book. And readers don\'t want to have texts augmented with sound and pictures and all sorts of other things; you\'re supposed to imagine all that when you read - that\'s what the writer\'s there for. Plus, habits don\'t change that quickly. If you\'re in business, you have to approach the market as it is, rather than as it might be, or should be, or will be someday.\"

Topic: 

How Should Reading Be Taught?

Lee Hadden writes:\"
A new article in Scientific American may be of interest to librarians.
Although this article discusses the various methods of teaching reading,
many librarians are interested in literacy education, and have to answer
reference questions about different methods of teaching, hyped by
television commercials aimed at anxious parents and grandparents.
One interesting example is that people are asked if the following
words refer to a flower. Then a series of words on flash cards are shown.
While \"rose\" is often chosen, surprisingly, also the homophone \"rows\" is
chosen as well.
Red [sic] more about it at:

Scientific American, March 2002, page 85 et seq. \"How Should Reading Be Taught?\"
BY KEITH RAYNER, BARBARA R. FOORMAN, CHARLES A. PERFETTI, DAVID PESETSKY
AND MARK S. SEIDENBERG Also of interest are some articles on the teaching of Creationism in
schools on page 30, and a brief historical note on page 16 from their March
1952 issue, on the introduction of logic machines. \"First formulated in the
19th century by the English mathematician George Boole [of Boolean logic
fame], symbolic logic has been developed into a powerful tool for dealing
with complex problems in mathematics and business...\" and libraries, I
might add.
\"

Topic: 

From Aristotle to the Semantic Web

From the Library Association Record:

Most of the content of today\'s world wide web is designed for humans to read, not computers to manipulate. Alan Gilchrist explores the principles of classification and indexing that underlie the concept of the \'semantic web\', which might one day lead to much more accurate and targeted automatic searching and retrieval than is possible at present . . .

More - apologies if this is a repost.

Topic: 

Pages

Subscribe to Theory