Librarian And Information Science News

Cutting TV may make kids gentler

The Seattle Times is one place running This Story on a report that says cutting back on the time children spend watching television and playing video games may lead to a decrease in aggressive behavior.

In a somewhat related stat, Donna Marentette passed along this from Statistics Canada-
According to new figures from Statistics Canada, the average Canadian watched 21.6 hours of television a week in 1999, down one hour from the year before and the lowest average viewership in two decades.

During the same time, the number of households with at least one regular Internet user jumped from 36% to 42%.

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The Electronic Commons

The American Prospect has a Story that advocates Building a Global Public Library out of the internet. They say this could have significant benefits for traditional, bricks-and-mortar libraries that face burdens from growing costs.

\"Instead of trying to maintain large collections, especially of infrequently used materials, conventional libraries will increasingly reconfigure themselves as information centers that provide guidance and access to online sources, some of which will be commercial and impose new charges. The development of more extensive, trustworthy online sources in the public domain will make this transition more affordable and desirable. \"

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Bjork, yes; Britney, no

Brian writes \"The Chicago Tribune has a Meaty Article about the New Grove II. It\'s refreshing that the online version of NG2 isn\'t even mentioned until halfway through. The 29-volume set puts more emphasis on popular and world music than the old edition; it doesn\'t mention Britney Spears, but Icelandic song goddess Bjork is covered. \"We had quite a lively internal debate about whether to include the Spice Girls,\" an editor says.

\"

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Questia Q&A

Infotoday has an Interview with Questia president, and CEO, Troy Williams.

\"We do believe people who want to read that text will go into the library and borrow it. Second, we think it\'s going to increase patronage in a library. If the result of a full-text search identifies 12 books with specific, relevant paragraphs, then a student can go into a library with confidence.\"

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Ohio Public Schools No Longer Required to Have Libraries

Beginning December 31, 2000, new operating standards went into effect for Ohio school libraries. Ohio schools are no longer required house libraries in their buildings. Despite concerns expressed by the library community, the Ohio Board of Education approved revisions to Section
3301-35-03-B-2 of the Ohio Administrative Code (OAC), which had previously required that every school building have a library. The section also addressed areas of collection development, staffing, instruction, and funding of school libraries.

With the adoption of the new standards, the language addressing school libraries, now contained in Section
3301-35-06-I-1, states that \"Student support services \'may\' include access to library media and information technology programs...\" There are no longer any guidelines for facilities, collection development, staffing, instruction, or funding. Under the new code, school libraries in the state of Ohio are optional. In addition, school districts are no longer required to hire librarians with an MLS. Previously, each district, regardless of size, was only required to employ one degreed professional librarian.

Section 3301.07 D of the Ohio Revised Code does address school libraries by assigning responsibility to the State Board of Education for setting standards for
schools to provide \"efficient and effective
instructional materials and equipment, including library facilities.\" School library programs that do not provide
critical educational resource services that are valued in their environment will have little support within the school district and risk losing their space and funding. Ohio school libraries are already notoriously underfunded, and their ability to provide such critical educational resources is severely hindered.

Research shows that strong school library programs
have a positive effect on student achievement.
With this lowering of standards in Ohio school libraries, one can only wonder what the future holds for students in Ohio schools.

For more information on Ohio School Operating Standards, Click Here

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What Makes Librarianship Exciting To Me

So now that I know what makes librarianship exciting to you, here\'s what makes it exciting to me.

I\'ve given this some thought, well, more than some thought, alot
of thought. I wandered around at the ALA
Midwinter meeting
, surrounded by thousands of librarians
looking for inspiration, and answers. I sat and thought. I
pondered, postulated, theorized and waxed poetic, looking for the
perfect answer. I looked at other
peoples answers
. I even asked jeeves what
he thought
.

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Who\'s Afraid of E-books?

Brian writes \"Fortune has a Story about college text e-book publishers.

An excerpt:
When Lindsay Hyde, a Harvard freshman, was scrambling to finish a ten-page term paper, she visited the library only once. She did most of her research online, from the comfort of her dorm room. \"It\'s all about accessibility,\" she says. She doesn\'t care whether she reads off paper or online. It\'s all the same. That\'s good news for e-textbook makers. \"

The Free E-Book Market Economy

In a survey of nearly 3,000 people shows that a large percentage of Americans are willing to read books on a variety of electronic platforms (laptops, PDAs and dedicated e-book devices), they just won\'t pay for them.
Full Story at The Standard.

Meanwhile, This Story says Adobe is hard at work on technology that makes them useful tools for business travelers and students.

\"We don\'t necessarily think that that\'s the narrow range where e-books should be pigeonholed,\" said Kevin Nathanson, group product manager for Adobe e-books. \"We look at it as part of a much broader universe.\"

Children \'should be freer to roam internet\'

The Gaurdian has a Story on the Institute of Public Policy Research, a UK thinktank, that says Children should take a \"surfing proficiency test\" at 11, that would allow them a freer ride on the information superhighway.

\"\"We want to stress that it is not a completely negative test - it would also be about making sure that children are aware of what they can find in positive terms,\" said Mr Tambini. \"For example, information that could help them with their schoolwork. At present, they are not learning this in their classes - school computers filter out too much information.\"

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Why be a librarian?

Lee Hadden writes:\" The Winter 2001 issue of Occupational Outlook Quarterly (published as
a government document by the US Bureau of Labor Statistics) has a cover
story about the library profession. Entitled \"Librarians: Information
Experts for an Information Age,\" this 14 page article is available in PDF
format from their homepage at: bls.gov/opub/ooq/ooqhome.htm

This interesting article has information on library job growth
projections, future salaries in the profession (\"More jobs, more money\"),
and some idea of where the field is going. Not only does it ask (and
answer) the question, \"Why be a librarian?\", the article also suggests what
other things a graduate can do with a library degree. A good recruiting
tool.
     Cool. And free.

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LoC Fire Safety Woes

Holly writes
\"Bad news for the Library of Congress from this Story from Yahoo News:

\"``Some of the most valuable and irreplaceable
collections in the library have the worst fire protection,\'\'
according to the agency, established to bring Congress
into compliance with the health, safety and
environmental laws that apply everywhere else\".

This includes items like a perfect copy of the Gutenberg
Bible!

Very scary!

\"

Iowa State Library Gets Evicted

Yikes! Just found this one in Library Journal online. It seems that the Iowa State Library has been kicked out lock, stock and barrel by the legislature. Pack your gear kids, you\'ve been evicted.

UCITA on legislative agenda in four states

UCITA was passed in Maryland and Virginia last year, things are only getting worse, Arizona, Oklahoma, Delaware, and Texas are scheduled to take up the Uniform Computer Information Transactions Act (UCITA) this year. UCITA is opposed by leading bar associations, the attorneys general of more than 20 states, consumer groups, and everyone else with more than 2 active brain cells. CNN has the Full Story.

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Open Science Online

The American Prospect has a Story on PubMed Central and The open-source approach to publishing on the internet.

\"The open-source business model takes explicit advantage of this dynamic. So could biomedicine. As digital networks develop, the role of the major medical journals as the exclusive purveyors of certain kinds of data may well become obsolete, but their role in framing and interpreting the data will be ever more in demand.\"

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Sales Tax Free PC Week May Narrow Info Gap

Because New York is lagging behind the rest of the country in the number of homes with computers, ranking 34th in the nation, legislators are expected to vote on whether to accept a proposal to allow PCs to be sold tax free for one week during the month of August.

According to Senate Majority Leader Joseph Bruno, \"Over the past decade, personal computers have become a necessity in the household and knowledge of computers and their use is now considered essential for anyone seeking to excel in an increasingly technology-based economy.\" This 8% reduction in total cost, combined with anticipated promotional offers from vendors would provide a hefty price break for many.

If passed, it is hoped that the $20 million proposal would boost computer sales as well as increase computer literacy. Included in the tax break would be desktops and laptops, printers, scanners, CD-ROM drivers and software. All items must be purchased in a single transaction along with the PC.

New York would be the second state to adopt such a strategy. Pennsylvania tried this same approach last year, causing computer sales to triple. No information is available yet on whether the measure improved the IT literacy rate in that state.

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URLs Just Fade Away...

Lee Hadden writes:
\" A new study by Philip Davis and Suzanne Cohen of Cornell studied the
citation use of undergraduate students in Economics 101 over a period of
three years, 1996-1999. They found that most of the URLs are no longer
effective; that the use of printed book citations have dropped from 30% to
19%; that there has been a substantial increase in the use of popular,
un-referreed materials such as newspaper articles has increased from 7 to
19%, and that web citations have increased from 9 to 21%. Effectively,
scholarly use of library materials have dropped in favor of web-based
services available in the rooms of students. There is a need for college
professors to insist on greater use of refereed and academic resources by
their students.

Their research will be printed in a forthcoming article in the Journal
of the American Society for Information Science (JASIS), due Feb. 15, Vol.
52 (4). Read more about it- a preprint of the article is available at:
people.cornell.edu/pages/pmd8

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Censoring the Internet Won\'t Protect Kids

Marty Klein, a sex therapist in California has written this wonderful editorial on internet filters and CIPA. One of his points is that the government keeps passing laws that they think will protect our children, but to no avail.\"Today, public policy about children is driven by fear: of violence, drugs, the media, sexuality. The American public has rolled back many of its rights in the name of protecting its children-a policy that has failed to deliver the safety we long for. We seem to believe that emotional security lies with just one more law, or one new invention. Or with a little more money. Correctly reading the public\'s attitudes, politiciansdevelop increasingly extreme \"solutions\" for problems that are moral, spiritual and existential. But life just doesn\'t work that way.\"

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ALA and ACLU to Challenge Fed\'s Collection of Data on Kids\' Surfing Habits

From Newsbytes via The
Washington Post

comes this one with more on the Defense
Department\'s collection of data on the surfing habits of
schoolchildren. Advocacy groups are wanting to know
what the intentions of the government are [more...]

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Another E-book Story

Here is another story on e-books from Access Magazine. It states that e-books will become an additional form of reading, and will not replace the printed word...Gutenberg would be proud, or would he?\"First, let\'s trash the idea that e-books represent the final chapter in the history of the printed word. E-books will not replace the warm, tactile paper tomes we like to curl up with in bed or on the beach -- at least not anytime soon.\"

Holden Caufield Turns 50

CNN.COM has a Story on \'Catcher in the Rye\'.

This year marks the 50th anniversary of J.D. Salinger\'s \"The Catcher in the Rye.\"

\"My wish is for all of you to someday read \'The Catcher in the Rye,\'All of my efforts will now be devoted toward this goal, for this extraordinary book holds many answers.\"
-Mark David Chapman\"

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